Saturday, October 23, 2010

Banyuwangi the eastern tip of java island

population: jawa: madura: kuntulan: banyuwangi: giri: glagah: rogojampi: kabat: kalipuro: minak djinggo: gandrung: seblang: janger: patrol: angklung: kluncing: sego tempong

Population, art culture, mucic typical of banyuwangi


Banyuwangi residents are quite varied. The majority of the Tribe Osing, but there are Ethnic Madurese (sub Wongsorejo, Bajulmati, Glenmore and Kalibaru) and Tribal significant Java and Bali there is a minority interest and Bugis. Osing tribe were the original inhabitants of Banyuwangi district and can be regarded as a sub-tribe of the Javanese. They use language Osing, known as one of the oldest variety of Java language. Art from Banyuwangi is kuntulan, infatuated, Jaranan, barong, Janger and seblang. Osing Many tribes inhabiting the district Rogojampi, Songgon, Kabat, Glagah, Giri, Kalipuro, the City and a small part in another district.

Language and culture of ethnic Osing heavily influenced by language and culture of Bali.

History Banyuwangi not be separated from the history of the Kingdom of Blambangan. In the mid-17th century, Banyuwangi is part of the kingdom, led by Prince Blambangan Tawang Alun. At this time administratively VOC consider Blambangan as his power region, on the basis of devolution of authority eastern Java (including Blambangan) by Pakubuwono II to the VOC. But VOC has never really stuck its power until the end of the 17th century, when the British government to establish trade relations with Blambangan. The area now known as "complex Inggrisan" is the former site of the British trade office.

VOC immediately moved to secure its power over Blambangan at the end of the 18th century. This menyulit great war for five years (1767-1772). In war there is a fierce battle called Puputan Bayu as a last resort Kingdom Blambangan to escape the shackles of VOC. Bayu Puputan battle occurred on December 18, 1771 which finally established as the anniversary of Banyuwangi. But in the end VOC was the one who obtained a victory by the appointment of R. Wiroguno I (Mas Alit) as regent of Banyuwangi first and mark the collapse of the empire Blambangan.

History of the famous fictional character was Princess Sritanjung who has been killed by her husband on the edge of the river because her husband would doubt the fetus in her womb is not a child but the result of an affair when he was in residence toward the battlefield. With an oath he promised to the husband of the princess said if my blood flowing in this river is the fetus is not fishy but if your son aromatic (fragrant) then this baby is yours. And instantly the blood that flows into the river smelled terebut, then menyesalah her husband, known as Raden Banterang this and named the area as Banyuwangi.

Another historical figure is Minak Djinggo, a Duke of Blambangan who rebelled against the Majapahit kingdom and can be annihilated by the delegates of Majapahit which Damarwulan.namun Minak Jinggo real name is not the original name of the duke blambangan.nama Minak majapahit Jinggo provided by the community as a form of mockery to brehwirabumi who are descendants of the royal majapahit.

Gandrung Dancer
Art Culture

Banyuwangi in addition to being a crossing from Java to Bali, is also a regional meeting of various types of cultures from various regions. Banyuwangi culture characterized by a culture of Java, Bali, Madura, Malay, European and local culture that fills the contents of each other and eventually become typical that does not exist in any area in Java.
[Edit] Traditional Art

Banyuwangi traditional arts such as:
    * Gandrung Banyuwangi
    * Seblang
    * Janger
    * Rengganis
    * Hadrah Kunthulan
    * Patrol
    * Mocopatan Pacul Goang
    * Jaranan Butho
    * Barong
    * Kebo-Keboan
    * Angklung gluttonous
    * Gedhogan

Barong Dance


Seblang Dance

Music typical of Banyuwangi

Gamelan Banyuwangi especially those used in dance Gandrung its uniqueness with the second violin, one of whom serve as pantus or song leader. Historically, at about the 19th century, Europe witnessed a show Seblang (or Gandrung) accompanied with the flute. Then the person is trying to harmonize with the violin which he brought that time, when he played songs Seblang was with the violin, the people around fascinated with the rhythm of the violin produced wrenching. Since then, the violin began to shift the flute because it can produce high tones that can not be issued by the flute.

In addition, the gamelan is also using "kluncing" (triangle), namely the triangle-shaped musical instrument made of thick iron wire, and sounded with a battering from the same material.

Then there is "kendhang" which amounts can be one or two. Kendhang used in Banyuwangi kendhang almost similar to that used in Sundanese and Balinese gamelan. Its function is to become a commando in the music, and give effect to the musical on all sides.

The next tool is the "kethuk". Made of iron, amounting to two pieces of different sizes and made in accordance with larasannya. "Kethuk estri" (feminine) is large, or in a Javanese gamelan called Slendro. While "kethuk jaler" (masculine) tuned higher one kempyung (kwint). Kethuk functions here not merely as an instrument of 'amplifier or carers rhythm' as well as in Javanese gamelan, but affiliated with kluncing to follow the beat of drum patterns.

While "kempul" or gongs, the gamelan Banyuwangi (especially Gandrung) consists of only one iron gong instrument. Sometimes also interspersed with "saron bali" and "Angklung".

Gamelan addition to this Gandrung, Gamelan Angklung used to show different with ravenous for Gandrung, because there are additional appropriate angklung tuned bamboo high tone. For the patrol, all musical instrument made of bamboo. Even for the show Janger, used Balinese gamelan, and a complete Javanese gamelan Rengganis. Special Medium Hadrah Kunthulan art, used tambourines, drum, kendhang, violin and sometimes bonang (or in Balinese gamelan called Reong).

Modernization was not inevitable in the art of Banyuwangi music, show different variants of the music is a blend of traditional and modern, such as Creative Kunthulan, Gandrung Creative, Creative and Janger kempul kendhang Campursari that incorporate elements of its electrons into the music, and became popular among the arts community. However, some experts worry about the art of creative culture will shift the classic art that has developed during hundreds years.

Nasi Tempong

Nasi Tempong

Rujak Soto

Rujak Soto

Typical Cuisine & Food

Cuisine is a blend Rojak Rojak Soto East Java Uleg doused with sauce and sprinkled with Tripe Soto mlinjo chips and rice mixed tempong sego Banyuwangi cash. By-by specific Sale is a lot of Ambon bananas produced in the district Songgon bagiak pastries and cakes are made from corn starch.

Sego Tempong is rice with vegetables or Kulupan (Java) with a super spicy sauce usually with salted fish. because the sensation is called sego tempong sauces such as in slap.
Baca secara fonetik

Friday, October 22, 2010

Banyuwangi the eastern tip of java island: Banyuwangi Regency

Banyuwangi the eastern tip of java island: Banyuwangi Regency

Banyuwangi Regency

Banyuwangi regency, is a district in East Java province, Indonesia. Its capital is Banyuwangi. This district is located at the easternmost tip of Java island, bordering the Situbondo in the north, the Strait of Bali in the east, the Indian Ocean in the south, as well as Jember district and regency in the west. Port Ketapang connecting Java with Port Gilimanuk in Bali.

Banyuwangi regency consists of 24 districts, divided again over a number of villages and wards. District in Banyuwangi consists of: 1. Pesanggaran 2. Siliragung 3. Bangorejo 4. Purwoharjo 5. Tegaldlimo 6. Muncar 7. Cluring 8. Gambiran 9. Tegalsari 10. Glenmore 11. Kalibaru 12. Tile 13. Srono 14. Rogojampi 15. Kabat 16. Singojuruh 17. Sempu 18. Songgon 19. Glagah 20. Slick 21. Banyuwangi 22. Giri 23. Kalipuro 24. Wongsorejo
Baca secara fonetik


Banyuwangi is the widest regency in East Java. The extent of 5782.50 km ^ 2. [1] Its area is quite diverse, from lowland to the mountains. The area borders with the regency, there are a series of Ijen Plateau, with the peak of Mount Raung (3282 m) and Mount Merapi (2,800 m), are both active volcano.

The southern part there are plantations, relics from the time of the Dutch East Indies. At the border with southern Jember district, a conservation area which is now protected in a nature reserve which Betiri Meru National Park. Sukamade Beach, an area of sea turtle development. Blambangan Peninsula there are also nature reserves National Park Alas Purwo.

East coast of Banyuwangi (Bali Strait) is one of the largest fish producer in East Java. In Muncar there fishing port.

Banyuwangi regency capital is 239 km east of Surabaya. Banyuwangi is the most eastern tip of coast lines, as well as the easternmost point of railway lines of Java.

Ketapang Port is located in the northern town of Banyuwangi, connecting Java and Bali by ferry, LCM, Roro and barges.

From Surabaya, Banyuwangi can be reached from the two-lane road, point north and south lines. Northern Line is part of the coast line that stretches from Anyer to the port and past Panarukan Situbondo district. While the track is a fraction of a point south coast of Probolinggo regency passed Lumajang and Jember in both the executive bus routes available (pattas) as well as economic.

There are also other modes of land transportation, namely: Line train Surabaya - Pasuruan - Probolinggo - Jember and Banyuwangi end

Airport Rogojampi Blimbingsari in the district that will soon open in the project failed because of problems with the local regent.

Banyuwangi residents are quite varied. The majority of the Tribe Osing, but there are Ethnic Madurese (sub Wongsorejo, Bajulmati, Glenmore and Kalibaru) and Tribal significant Java and Bali there is a minority interest and Bugis. Osing tribe were the original inhabitants of Banyuwangi district and can be regarded as a sub-tribe of the Javanese. They use language Osing, known as one of the oldest variety of Java language. Art from Banyuwangi is kuntulan, infatuated, Jaranan, barong, Janger and seblang. Osing Many tribes inhabiting the district Rogojampi, Songgon, Kabat, Glagah, Giri, Kalipuro, the City and a small part in another district.

Tuesday, October 19, 2010


Kawah Ijen

Kawah ijen yang berada di ketinggian 2.386m dpl, merupakan kawah danau terbesar dipulau jawa, kawah berbentuk ellips dengan ukuran kurang lebih 960 x 600 m dengan ketinggian permukaan air danau kurang lebih 2140 m dpl dengan kedalaman danau kurang lebih 200 m serta merupakan danau terasam didunia dengan ph 0,5. Kawah belerang berada dalam sulfatara yang dalam. Kedalamannya 200 m dan mengandung kira-kira 36 juta meter kubik air asam beruap, diselimuti kabut berbau belerang yang berputar-putar diatasnya. Didalam kawah, berbagai warna dan ukuran batu belerang dapat ditemukan. Sungguh, kawah ijen merupakan taman batu belerang yang indah.

Pemandangan menjadi sangat unik ketika dari celah celah tebing curam terlihat begitu banyak para penambang belerang yang naik turun di sela-sela lereng kawah. Sekitar kurang lebih 100 orang membawa bebatuan kekuning-kuningan yang diatas pundaknya terlentang sebatang bambu dengan sejenis keranjang bambu yang dipenuhi puluhan kilogram belerang didalamnya yang tergantung disisi kanan kirinya. Beban yang dipikul memiliki berat yang beragam mulai 80 kg sampai dengan 120 Kg. tiap orang mondar-mandir, menggali belerang, naik turun, menuruni lereng beberapa kilometer sebelum beban dijual dipelelangan, dalam sehari dapat terkumpul belerang berkisar 6 sampai 7 ton. Itulah pemandangan alami kawah ijen kesehariannya.

Seperti halnya pemandangan di puncak gunung – gunung lainnya, pengunjung dapat melihat pemandangan yang menghampar luas kearah selat bali, serta pemandangan gunung lain yang ada di sekitar gunung ijen. Gunung ijen memiliki tetangga lain yaitu Gunung Merapi, Gunung Widodaren, Gunung Ranti dan Gunung Papak. Yang dapat dilihat dari pos paltuding.

ketika mendaki pengunjung akan melewati Pondok Bunder
yang dibangun pada masa pemerintahan hindia belanda, berbentuk setengah lingkaran sehingga lebih dikenal dengan pondok bunder ( bentuknya lingkaran ) fungsi utamanya untuk mengukur curah hujan. Lingkungannya sejuk dengan pemandangan Kaldera Pegunungan ijen raksasa ( G. Raung, G. Rantai, G. Suket, dan G. Papak ), disini juga merupakan bird waching area.

Bunga edelweis juga dapat ditemui di sepanjang bulan juli sampai september, dibulan-bulan ini bunga abadi ini mulai tumbuh dan bersemi..

Bagaimana Akomnodasi yang disediakan?
Bagi pengunjung yang tidak membawa perbekalan, tidak perlu kuatir, sebab di Paltuding yaitu pos terakhir sebelum pengunjung melakukan pendakian ke puncak telah tersedia beberapa warung makanan dan juga penginapan serta terdapat pula camping ground. Disepanjang pendakian ke puncak juga terdapat warung sederhana yang menjual makanan.

Bagaimana menuju ke kawah ijen?
Jalan akses dari Banyuwangi ke gunung ijen relatif sudah sangat baik untuk dilewati berbagai jenis kendaraan. Bahkan kendaraan roda 2 dapat dengan mudah melewatinya. Hal itu karena jalan disepanjang pintu masuk yang berada di desa jambu ke kawasan wisata gunung ijen sampai dengan pos terakhir di Paltuding sudah beraspal.

Untuk mencapai Gunung Ijen dari Banyuwangi, bisa naik angkot trayek Banyuwangi - Licin – Jambu yang berjarak kurang lebih 45 km. Dari Jambu perjalanan dilanjutkan menuju Paltuding, dengan ojek atau sewa mobil. Paltuding merupakan Pintu gerbang utama ke Cagar Alam Taman Wisata Kawah Ijen, yang juga merupakan Pos PHPA (Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam).

Dari Paltuding berjalan kaki dengan jarak kurang lebih 3 km. Lintasan awal sejauh 1,5 km cukup berat karena menanjak. Sebagian besar jalur dengan kemiringan 25-35 derajat. Selain menanjak struktur tanahnya juga berpasir sehingga menambah semakin berat langkah kaki karena harus menahan berat badan agar tidak merosot ke belakang. Setelah beritirahat di Pos Bunder ( pos yang unik karena memiliki bentuk lingkaran) jalur selanjutnya relatif agak landai. Selain itu wisatawan/pendaki di suguhi pemandangan deretan pegunungan yang sangat indah. Untuk turun menuju ke kawah harus melintasi medan berbatu-batu yang lumayan terjal sejauh 250 meter.

Kumpulan foto G-land / Plengkung

Legend of the eastern Indonesian city of Banyuwangi

In ancient times the area of the eastern tip of East Java Province, there is an empire ruled by a just and wise king. King has a handsome son named Raden Banterang. Raden penchant Banterang is hunting. “This morning, I will hunt to the forest. Prepare a hunting tool, “said Raden Banterang to the servant. After hunting equipment ready, Raden Banterang accompanied some of his retinue went to the forest. When Raden Banterang walking alone, he saw a deer crossed in front of him. He soon was chasing deer until deep into the forest. He separated from his entourage.
“Where a deer that?”, Said Raden Banterang, when it lost track of his quarry. “I’ll keep looking until they can be,” his determination. Raden Banterang shrubs and trees through the forest. However, the game was not found. He arrived in a very clear river water. “Hem, fresh river water nian,” Raden Banterang drinking water with it, to feel lost her thirst. After that, he left the rivers. But only a few steps to walk, suddenly startled by the arrival of a beautiful girl.
“Ha? A beautiful girl? Did he really a man? Do-not evil forest spirits, “muttered Raden Banterang wondered. Raden Banterang ventured close to the pretty girl. “You’re human or forest keeper?” Said Raden Banterang. “I’m human,” she answered, smiling. Raden Banterang even introduce himself. Welcomed the beautiful girl. “My name comes from the kingdom of Klungkung Surati.” “I was in this place for saving themselves from enemy attack. My father had been killed in defending the royal crown, “Obviously. Hear the speech of the girl, Raden Banterang absurdly surprised. Seeing the suffering of the King of Klungkung’s daughter, Raden Banterang help immediately and take her home to the palace. Soon they were married build a happy family.
One day, the daughter of the King of Klungkung to walk alone outside the palace. “Surati! Surati! “, Calling a man who dressed in rags. After observing the man’s face, he realized that that was in front of him is a brother named Rupaksa. The purpose is to invite the arrival Rupaksa her sister for revenge, because Raden Banterang had killed his father. Surati tell us that he would diperistri Raden Banterang for indebted. That way, Surati not want to help brother’s invitation. Rupaksa angry to hear answers to her sister. However, he could provide a memorable form to Surati headband. “Tie this head should you store under your bed,” Rupaksa message.
Surati meeting with his biological sister is not known by Raden Banterang, because Raden Banterang was hunting in the forest. When Raden Banterang in the middle of the woods, his eyes suddenly startled by the arrival of a man dressed in rags. “Tuangku, Raden Banterang. Mr. Safety in danger master planned by the wife alone, “he said. “You can see the proof, with a view of a headband is placed under the bed. Headbands man who belonged to call to kill you, “he explained. After saying those words, a man dressed in rags that had mysteriously disappeared. Raden troubled Banterang heard reports that a mysterious man. He soon returned to the palace. After arriving at the palace, Raden peraaduan Banterang go directly to his wife. Looking headband that has been told by a man dressed in rags who have met in the forest. “Ha! True words man! This headband as proof! You plan to kill me with asking for help to the owner of this headband! “He accused his wife of Raden Banterang. “Really balasanmu me?” Said Raden Banterang. “Do not just accused. Adinda certainly did not intend to kill Kakanda, let alone ask for help to a man! “Surati said. However Raden Banterang remain at its founding, that his wife had helped it would endanger his life. Well, before his life is threatened, Raden Banterang first want to harm his wife.
Raden Banterang intend to drown his wife in a river. After arriving at the river, Raden Banterang tells of meeting with a man in rags when hunting in the forest. The wife also told about the meeting with a man dressed in rags, as explained her husband. “He is the older sister Adinda. She gave me a headband to Adinda, “Surati explain again, that her heart melts Banterang Raden. However, Raden Banterang continue to believe that she would harm herself. “Kakanda my husband! Open your heart and feelings Kakanda! Adinda Kakanda willing to die for the sake of safety. But give the opportunity to Adinda Adinda to him about meeting with the older sister named Rupaksa Adinda, “Surati said reminded.
“Brother will kill kakanda Adindalah! Adinda sought assistance, but Adinda tolah! “. Hearing this, the liquid heart of Raden Banterang not even think his wife was lying .. “Kakanda! If it becomes clear river water and fragrant smell, the mean Adinda not guilty! But, if it stays cloudy and foul smell, it means Adinda guilty! “Surati said. Raden Banterang consider his wife’s remarks made it up. So, Raden Banterang immediately drew a dagger tucked in his waist. Simultaneously it also, Surati jump into the middle of the river and disappeared.
Not long after, there was a miracle. The smell of fragrant nan spread around rivers. Seeing the incident, Raden Banterang cried in a trembling voice. “My wife is innocent! Scented water this time! “What a sorry Raden Banterang. He lamented the death of his wife, and regretting his stupidity. But it was too late.
Since then, the river becomes fragrant. In the Java language called Fables. Banyu meaning fragrant water and meaning fragrant. The name later became the name of the town of Banyuwangi Banyuwangi