Banyuwangi residents are quite varied. The majority of the Tribe Osing, but there are Ethnic Madurese (sub Wongsorejo, Bajulmati, Glenmore and Kalibaru) and Tribal significant Java and Bali there is a minority interest and Bugis. Osing tribe were the original inhabitants of Banyuwangi district and can be regarded as a sub-tribe of the Javanese. They use language Osing, known as one of the oldest variety of Java language. Art from Banyuwangi is kuntulan, infatuated, Jaranan, barong, Janger and seblang. Osing Many tribes inhabiting the district Rogojampi, Songgon, Kabat, Glagah, Giri, Kalipuro, the City and a small part in another district.
Language and culture of ethnic Osing heavily influenced by language and culture of Bali.
History Banyuwangi not be separated from the history of the Kingdom of Blambangan. In the mid-17th century, Banyuwangi is part of the kingdom, led by Prince Blambangan Tawang Alun. At this time administratively VOC consider Blambangan as his power region, on the basis of devolution of authority eastern Java (including Blambangan) by Pakubuwono II to the VOC. But VOC has never really stuck its power until the end of the 17th century, when the British government to establish trade relations with Blambangan. The area now known as "complex Inggrisan" is the former site of the British trade office.
VOC immediately moved to secure its power over Blambangan at the end of the 18th century. This menyulit great war for five years (1767-1772). In war there is a fierce battle called Puputan Bayu as a last resort Kingdom Blambangan to escape the shackles of VOC. Bayu Puputan battle occurred on December 18, 1771 which finally established as the anniversary of Banyuwangi. But in the end VOC was the one who obtained a victory by the appointment of R. Wiroguno I (Mas Alit) as regent of Banyuwangi first and mark the collapse of the empire Blambangan.
History of the famous fictional character was Princess Sritanjung who has been killed by her husband on the edge of the river because her husband would doubt the fetus in her womb is not a child but the result of an affair when he was in residence toward the battlefield. With an oath he promised to the husband of the princess said if my blood flowing in this river is the fetus is not fishy but if your son aromatic (fragrant) then this baby is yours. And instantly the blood that flows into the river smelled terebut, then menyesalah her husband, known as Raden Banterang this and named the area as Banyuwangi.
Another historical figure is Minak Djinggo, a Duke of Blambangan who rebelled against the Majapahit kingdom and can be annihilated by the delegates of Majapahit which Damarwulan.namun Minak Jinggo real name is not the original name of the duke blambangan.nama Minak majapahit Jinggo provided by the community as a form of mockery to brehwirabumi who are descendants of the royal majapahit.
Banyuwangi in addition to being a crossing from Java to Bali, is also a regional meeting of various types of cultures from various regions. Banyuwangi culture characterized by a culture of Java, Bali, Madura, Malay, European and local culture that fills the contents of each other and eventually become typical that does not exist in any area in Java.
[Edit] Traditional Art
Banyuwangi traditional arts such as:
* Gandrung Banyuwangi
* Hadrah Kunthulan
* Mocopatan Pacul Goang
* Jaranan Butho
* Angklung gluttonous
Gamelan Banyuwangi especially those used in dance Gandrung its uniqueness with the second violin, one of whom serve as pantus or song leader. Historically, at about the 19th century, Europe witnessed a show Seblang (or Gandrung) accompanied with the flute. Then the person is trying to harmonize with the violin which he brought that time, when he played songs Seblang was with the violin, the people around fascinated with the rhythm of the violin produced wrenching. Since then, the violin began to shift the flute because it can produce high tones that can not be issued by the flute.
In addition, the gamelan is also using "kluncing" (triangle), namely the triangle-shaped musical instrument made of thick iron wire, and sounded with a battering from the same material.
Then there is "kendhang" which amounts can be one or two. Kendhang used in Banyuwangi kendhang almost similar to that used in Sundanese and Balinese gamelan. Its function is to become a commando in the music, and give effect to the musical on all sides.
The next tool is the "kethuk". Made of iron, amounting to two pieces of different sizes and made in accordance with larasannya. "Kethuk estri" (feminine) is large, or in a Javanese gamelan called Slendro. While "kethuk jaler" (masculine) tuned higher one kempyung (kwint). Kethuk functions here not merely as an instrument of 'amplifier or carers rhythm' as well as in Javanese gamelan, but affiliated with kluncing to follow the beat of drum patterns.
While "kempul" or gongs, the gamelan Banyuwangi (especially Gandrung) consists of only one iron gong instrument. Sometimes also interspersed with "saron bali" and "Angklung".
Gamelan addition to this Gandrung, Gamelan Angklung used to show different with ravenous for Gandrung, because there are additional appropriate angklung tuned bamboo high tone. For the patrol, all musical instrument made of bamboo. Even for the show Janger, used Balinese gamelan, and a complete Javanese gamelan Rengganis. Special Medium Hadrah Kunthulan art, used tambourines, drum, kendhang, violin and sometimes bonang (or in Balinese gamelan called Reong).
Modernization was not inevitable in the art of Banyuwangi music, show different variants of the music is a blend of traditional and modern, such as Creative Kunthulan, Gandrung Creative, Creative and Janger kempul kendhang Campursari that incorporate elements of its electrons into the music, and became popular among the arts community. However, some experts worry about the art of creative culture will shift the classic art that has developed during hundreds years.
Typical Cuisine & Food
Cuisine is a blend Rojak Rojak Soto East Java Uleg doused with sauce and sprinkled with Tripe Soto mlinjo chips and rice mixed tempong sego Banyuwangi cash. By-by specific Sale is a lot of Ambon bananas produced in the district Songgon bagiak pastries and cakes are made from corn starch.
Sego Tempong is rice with vegetables or Kulupan (Java) with a super spicy sauce usually with salted fish. because the sensation is called sego tempong sauces such as in slap.